Production of Catalase-Peroxidase and Continuous Degradation of Hydrogen Peroxide by an Immobilised Alkalothermophilic Bacillus sp.
Andreas Paar1, Alexander Raninger1, Fernanda de Sousa2, Ivo Beurer3, Artur Cavaco-Paulo2 and Georg M. Gübitz1*
1Graz University of Technology, Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Petersgasse 12, A-8010 Graz, Austria
2University of Minho, Textile Engineering Department, P-4800 Guimaraes, Portugal
3Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Received: December 2, 2002
Accepted: April 24, 2003
catalase-peroxidase, Bacillus sp., bleaching
Catalase-peroxidase (CP) production by a Bacillus sp. (Bacillus KF) newly isolated from a textile finishing effluent and by this strain immobilised on light expanded clay was studied. In cultivations of Bacillus KF increased catalase activity (about 30-fold) was measured after the addition of H2O2 and Orange IV, while ascorbic acid, pyrogallol and Paraquat, seemed to be poor inducers. Catalases in the cell extract from Bacillus KF showed remarkable stability at high temperatures and pH values with half-lifes of 20 h at pH=9 and 60 °C while half-lifes based on the activity of catalases of only 2.2 h were measured in a column reactor during hydrogen peroxide degradation for the whole cells. However, after the addition of cultivation medium immobilised cells can be regenerated and thus used for textile bleaching effluent treatment.
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