getpdf   NLM-PubMed-Logo 


Changes of Phytosterols, Rheology, Antioxidant Activity and Emulsion Stability of Salad Dressing with Cocoa Butter During Storage

Roiaini Mohamad1orcid tiny, Baizura Aya Putri Agus1orcid tiny and Norhayati Hussain1,2*orcid tiny

1Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Halal Products Research Institute, Putra Infoport, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Article history:
Received: 31 January 2018
Accepted: 22 January 2019

Key words:
phytosterols, antioxidant activity, cocoa butter, salad dressing, soybean oil, physicochemical characteristics


Addition of phytosterols and antioxidants to food may provide additional health benefits to consumers. Their stability in a food matrix may decrease during storage. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to formulate a salad dressing with cocoa butter and determine its phytosterol stability, antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties during storage. The cocoa butter was extracted using a supercritical CO2 extraction (green technology) and added to the formulated salad dressing (containing different ratios of cocoa butter and soybean oil). The salad dressing with 30 % cocoa butter (the most stable emulsion) was selected for storage study at 4 and 30 °C. However, values of physicochemical parameters and mass fractions of phytosterols, total phenolic compounds (determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) in the salad dressing with 30 % cocoa butter decreased during storage (from day 0 to 28) and increased with the temperature increase, probably due to the oxidation of oil. Thus, the most desirable storage temperature for salad dressing was 4 °C. An excellent stability of the salad dressing with 30 % cocoa butter at different storage temperatures for 28 days offers a potential application in food industries for production of salad dressing with cocoa butter enriched with phytosterols.

*Corresponding author:  tel3 +60389468536 
                                           fax2 +60389423552


Search FTB

Follow us

 facebook 1 twitter bird_icon LI In Bug


Environmental Policy

sdg publishers compact 4 300x300

QR Code


We use cookies to improve our website and your experience when using it. Cookies used for the essential operation of the site have already been set. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

I accept cookies from this site.

EU Cookie Directive Module Information